28 December 2022, Volume 22 Issue 6 Previous Issue   
Articles
Challenges to Foreign Language Teachers and Their Vision-Based Solutions
WANG Kefei
2022, 22 (6):  5-11.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.001
Abstract ( 36 )   HTML ( 1 )   PDF (930KB) ( 16 )  

Foreign language teachers in China are faced with a series of challenges including their heavy workload, limited publication options, and relatively inadequate academic underpinning, each ascribable to different reasons. The solutions lie in the use made of the development of foreign language education in its broad sense, and in the adoption of a national initiative perspective, a global vision, and a comparative approach in the development of the foreign language discipline in the new era.

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The Dual Capabilities and Triple Foundations in the Professional and Discipline Development of Area Studies
JIANG Feng
2022, 22 (6):  12-16,21.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.002
Abstract ( 23 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (929KB) ( 13 )  

In the context when the philosophy and vision of the 20th National Congress of the CPC are being implemented in practice, it is of special significance to explore the development of area studies as a discipline and its specialized professional cultivation. China’s development entails institutions of higher learning developing such professionals to underpin China’s global outreach initiatives in HR and intelligent terms. To this end, two capabilities and three foundations stand out: language capability, field capability, historical, philosophical, and geographical foundations.

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Heralding a New Phase in T&I Education
HUANG Youyi
2022, 22 (6):  17-21.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.003
Abstract ( 24 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (692KB) ( 9 )  

The new subject catalog for graduate education recently released by China’s educational authorities indicates practice-oriented education in the country has entered a new stage of development. The planned launch of Doctor of Translation and Interpreting (DTI) marks a new breakthrough in the domain of graduate education. A good top-design should be followed with effective and concrete measures. Unlike master’s degree education in both academic and practice-oriented directions, DTI must be designed together by industrial and professional authorities, industrial associations and universities working in close cooperation. This process should begin as soon as possible to clarify how to offer DTI courses, who should be the teachers for such courses and how to ensure the quality of such programs since this is key to meeting the needs of national development.

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Analyzing Doctor of Translation and Interpreting in the Context of Transformation of Knowledge Production Mode
MU Lei, LIU Xinyuan
2022, 22 (6):  22-29.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.004
Abstract ( 17 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (1227KB) ( 9 )  

The establishment of Doctor of Translation and Interpreting (DTI) from conception to reality requires scholars of Translation Studies (TS) to seriously consider fundamental questions. The ten-year argumentation and survey on the professional degree of DTI have reflected the needs of the transformation of the knowledge production model for TS as a discipline. It is necessary to compare the educational philosophy between DTI and PhD of TS in terms of student selection, curriculum, education quality assessment system, and talent management and employment, with a closing discussion on the faculty development for different degrees in TS.

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Audio Description from the Perspective of Transknowletology: Paradigm and Approaches
ZHAN Cheng
2022, 22 (6):  30-36,45.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.005
Abstract ( 13 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (1211KB) ( 11 )  

The practice of audio description has been developing rapidly in China, with applications in different settings for people with visual impairments. Audio description is normally considered a type of audiovisual translation, but in terms of the cognitive process, competence composition and communication effects, it shares more similarities with interpreting. Audio description research from the perspective of transknowletology helps theoretically tackle the fuzziness of disciplinary identity to form a new research paradigm, and methodologically shape new research approaches to new topics, thus broadening the scope of translation studies. As a special form of communication, audio description may be the source of rich research topics, thus serving as an application and verification of the theoretical as well as methodological aspects of transknowletology.

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On the Translation of Peking Opera as Local Knowledge and its Global Paths
HUANG Qin, WANG Yajun
2022, 22 (6):  37-45.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.006
Abstract ( 20 )   HTML ( 1 )   PDF (1201KB) ( 10 )  

Based on transknowletology, the paper probes into the translation and globalization paths of Peking Opera as local knowledge. It is found that there was a positive knowledge impact from Peking Opera knowledge to western theatre, which made the globalization of Peking Opera knowledge possible. While, translation definitely contributed to the globalization of Peking Opera knowledge. Specifically, Shih-IHsiungtransplanted Peking Opera knowledge into Lady Precious Streamby adding, which provided reference to western theatre performance and script writing and thus achieved globalization in a practical way. Scott presented Peking Opera knowledge in a comparatively systematic way by transferring the whole performance into his translation and the knowledge became global by ways of academic research.

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Cultural Back-translation and Knowledge Reciprocity from the Perspective of Transknowletology: A Case Study on the Back-translation of “Amateur Painters” in James Cahill’s Works on the History of Chinese Painting
LI Juanjuan, REN Wen
2022, 22 (6):  46-54.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.007
Abstract ( 17 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (1304KB) ( 10 )  

The number of foreign scholars’ writings on Chinese cultural phenomena has been increasing in recent years with the expansion of international academic exchanges. Some of these writings have been introduced to Chinese academic community through translation. Such phenomenon called “cultural back-translation” has gradually become an important prism for Chinese scholars to explore the features, patterns and values of translations of foreign-language writings on Chinese culture. Against this backdrop, this article takes as its research object the back-translation of a key terminology “amateur painters” in the works of James Cahill, an American scholar in the studies of history of Chinese painting. By sorting out the meanings of this term in both Chinese and western contexts, as well as the restoration and reconstruction in cultural back-translation, this article tries to elaborate on its possible impact on knowledge production in domestic art history studies from the perspective of Transknowletology.It also proposes a unique function of cultural back-translation called “knowledge reciprocity”, which could shed some light on understanding of the epistemic value of translation.

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Semantic Density, Syntactic Complexity and Disciplinary Knowledge Coding
GAO Yanmei, ZHOU Jiangping
2022, 22 (6):  55-67.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.008
Abstract ( 22 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (1747KB) ( 20 )  

Semantic density and syntactic complexity reveal the characteristics of knowledge coding and culture of a discipline. The aim of this study is to testify the feasibility of semantic density and syntactic complexity as measures of knowledge coding in linguistics. By deploying the analytical tools of semantic density and syntactic complexity, this study compared four sets of abstracts of academic articles written by four groups of researchers at different academic levels, namely, experts of native speaker of English (NR), Chinese experts (CR), Chinese master degree students (MA), Chinese undergraduate students of linguistic courses (EFL). The results show that distributions of SD and SC are different among the four groups. NR, CR and MA used much more condensed technical terms than EFL writers. NR’s syntactic complexity is much higher than that of the MA and EFL group. There is no significant difference between NR and CR. Data from the analysis testified the validity of the two analytical tools for assessing writers’ capacity of knowledge coding.

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The Development of Ideological and Political Education of College English Curriculum: Advantages, Missions and Approaches
ZHAN Shuangjuan
2022, 22 (6):  68-75.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.009
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The ideological and political education is the fundamental principle of cultivating people in the new era. The ideological and political education of college English curriculum is not only an important part of the construction of national soft power and national discourse system, but also the mission and responsibility of college foreign languages education to Tell Chinese Stories. Because of its remarkable features, such as communicative, cross-cultural, international and extensive radiation, college English education and teaching process has unique advantages and value in serving the national strategy, representing the educational nature of higher institutions and promoting Chinese culture to go global. This study aims to clarify the attributes of college English curriculum, explain the ideological and political responsibilities of college English curriculum, and analyze the ideological and political practice path of college English curriculum, so as to provide the reference for the ideological and political reform of college English curriculum in in Chinese higher institutions.

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An Experimental Study on Development of Critical Thinking Dispositions of English Majors through Peer Feedback in EFL Writing
LI Yan, LI Tao
2022, 22 (6):  76-85.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.010
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Based on the theory of critical thinking dispositions, this study explored the impact of peer feedback in English writing teaching on the development of critical thinking dispositions among English majors. The study utilized an experimental design with 37 participants in the experimental group and 40 participants in the control group. Critical thinking disposition inventory was used to test students’ critical thinking dispositions. The results of pretest and posttest revealed that students in the experimental group showed an increasingly positive disposition toward critical thinking after one-year study of critical thinking-integrated English writing with peer feedback, esp. in critical thinking self-confidence, while students in the control group showed a tendency of decrease in critical thinking dispositions especially in analyticity and cognitive maturity. The posttest results showed a significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in open-mindedness, analyticity, systematicity, inquisitiveness, cognitive maturity as well as the general critical thinking dispositions while no significant difference was found in truth-seeking and critical thinking self-confidence. This study indicated that integrating peer feedback into English writing could contribute to the development of critical thinking among English majors. To synchronize the development of students’ critical thinking with the acquisition of language competence, teachers should facilitate students’ engagement in peer feedback by addressing their affective experience and scaffolding their feedback.

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The Reading & Writing Dual-Chained Model of L2 Writing Instruction: Its Rationale and Practice
ZANG Qing, XU Haiming, GUAN Jingjing
2022, 22 (6):  86-94.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.011
Abstract ( 12 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (1637KB) ( 5 )  

This paper succinctly explicates the rationale behind an L2 writing instruction model practiced in classroom. Firstly, the Reading Chain consists of such links as student initial text perceiving, teacher-guided preliminary processing and student-regulated self-discovery prior to deeper text processing. Whereas, the Writing Chain comprises such links as student producing and teacher monitoring of texts, relevant types of feedback given to student writers, subsequent student revision and further feedback-referenced revision. Being exploratory in nature, this model has proven to enable student writers to improve their L2 writing competence.

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Constructing Deontic Stance in Chinese White Papers on China-US Trade Disputes
ZHUO Li, YOU Zeshun
2022, 22 (6):  95-105.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.012
Abstract ( 11 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (1805KB) ( 7 )  

This paper, by selecting as analytical data the two White Papers on China-US Trade Disputes issued by State Council of the People’s Republic of China in 2018 and 2019, aims to reveal the meta-pragmatic resources and strategies used to construct the deontic stance positions and evaluations of China and US and their (dis) alignments. It’s found that assertives work as the main pragmatic resources of the Chinese deontic stance construction, followed by the directives and the commissives; the obstacle China needs to cross over lies in how to make understood to the US the official pragmatic habits formed in China’s long cultural and historical development.

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Comments on Three Hot Issues of Business English Development
WENG Jingle, WENG Fengxiang
2022, 22 (6):  106-114.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.013
Abstract ( 21 )   HTML ( 0 )   PDF (1177KB) ( 12 )  

As Business English Studies (BES) finds its way to go mature,there appears in foreign language circle such issue as “Is it necessary to found BES?” This paper focuses on the three carefully-selected and more attentive hot issues to illustrate, aiming to clarify the three issues and justify the existence of BES and the likelihood of founding BES. By carrying out research into the development history of modern BES,the paper first discusses the necessity of founding BES and argues that BES, as an objective phenomenon, has been existing. Afterwards, it explores the 11 conditions of founding BES with the findings that the said conditions are basically met. In the end, the paper compares BES with English language and literature discipline before illustrating the uniqueness of the research object, research contents and research methods of BES, further distinguishing the differences between BES and English language and literature discipline.

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Forms and Functions of the Pre-Front Field Position in Spoken German: On the Possibility of Modern Chinese as a Speech-Oriented Language
LI Rui
2022, 22 (6):  115-125.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.014
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The pre-front field position, represented by left dislocation and hanging topic, is mainly found in spoken German and has important pragmatic functions. The aim of this paper is to investigate the main forms and functions of the pre-front field structures in spoken German, and to further explore the possibility of modern Chinese as a speech-oriented language in relation to the topic structure of Chinese as a topic-prominent language. In this paper, we first sort out the concepts of pre-prefield and left external field and distinguish between left dislocation and hanging topic. After an overview of the formal means of topic marking, we analyze the main functions of the pre-front field structures in spoken German, and finally discuss them in relation to the information structure of modern Chinese. Left dislocation and hanging topic are two main types of topic realization outside the sentence.Topic marking structures belong to the features of spoken German.Modern Chinese is a less grammaticalized language, and its colloquial characters make it more of a pragmatic mode. The reason why Chinese features topic-prominent characters is related to this, which can be confirmed by the fact that the topic marking structures belongs to the features of spoken German.

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From Footnoting to Being Footnoted: On the Luian Mindological Awareness of Benxin for Outward Translation of Chinese Literature
YANG Zhenyuan
2022, 22 (6):  126-132.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.015
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Cognitive estrangement is a formidable barrier to the outward translation of Chinese literature (OTCL), for which the Luian mindological awareness of benxin (original innocent mind) provides a solution. The cognitive bias of Chinese translators is characterized as an obsession with textual meaning, a partial-horizon interpretation that is incompatible with other perspectives and thus leads to the isolating mindset recognized for footnoting. Furthermore, this mindset is a cause of translators’ alienation from foreign readers, but if the obsession with textual meaning is transcended, benxin would emerge as the ultimate source of cognition, allowing access toward the ideo-realm known as being footnoted. Benxin, which is released through introspection, eliminates translators’ cognitive barriers, generates a vision that is harmoniously compatible with foreign readers’, and enhances cognitive empathy, thereby facilitating acceptance of OTCL. This Luian orientation contributes to the distinctive discourses of China’s translation studies and, by extension, to the country’s culturally confident national consciousness.

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Digital Revolution of International Chinese Education: Reality and Approach
JIN Xiaoyan, HE Tianjiao
2022, 22 (6):  133-139.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.016
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The digital revolution of International Chinese Education (ICE) complies with the development of digital era, accords with the international education development trends and meets the digital teaching requirements. This research analyzes the reality of the digital revolution of ICE from the following three aspects: the digital literacy of the teaching subjects, the digital teaching resources and the digital teaching environment. And there are three problems such as the crisis of integration of International Chinese teaching and digital technology, the weakness of overall planning and management of the digital teaching resources, the unbalance of physical and psychological environment. To solve the above problems, we should cultivate International Chinese Educators’ digital competence, plan the construction of digital teaching resources as a whole and strengthen the construction of the psychological environment for digital teaching.

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Knowledge Recognition and Multimodal Narration in the Translation of Children’s Popular Science Picturebooks: A Case Study of The Magic School Bus
TIAN Lu, LIU Zequan
2022, 22 (6):  140-147.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.017
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Children’s Popular Science Picturebooks(CPSPs) are important sources for imparting scientific knowledge to children. They also help in enlightening their minds, stimulating imagination, and enhancing the overall humanistic literacy of children. Taking The Magic School Bus and the Climate Challenge as an example, this study, from the perspective of knowledge recognition, makes a comparative analysis of its English and Chinese texts, exploring the translation of CPSPs in terms of multimodal narration and the transmission of knowledge. It is found that a successful translation of CPSPs not only accurately disseminates scientific knowledge but also makes necessary supplements, modifications or adjustments to ensure that the humanistic and social knowledge conveyed in the text fits the target cultural context and the target young readership. A wise combination of popular scientific knowledge with vivid and interesting stories via delicately-designed multimodal narration is an effective way to create and produce excellent CPSPs and their translations. Through knowledge recognition of children, CPSPs and their translations may serve as promoters for the communication and cultural exchanges between different knowledge communities.

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The City and Community in Parable of the Sowe
YANG Fan, XU Dejin
2022, 22 (6):  148-156.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.018
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A dystopian fiction,Octavia Butler’s Parable of the Sower narrates how the protagonist Lauren in the apocalyptic America escapes from the destructed communities and moves towards the road of building a utopian community. Explored from the political, social and historical frameworks of Fredric Jameson’s The Political Unconscious,it is concluded that the falling apart of the communities of Robledo is the starting point of the narration of desire, and the surviving Olivar city is a symbolic solution to the contradictions of Late capitalism, repressing the history of the relentless reification and enslavement of the proletariat. In addition, the city and community of Robledo is rife with the ideologeme of fear generated by the class antagonism while the blueprinted utopian community of “seed of the earth” is the wish fulfillment and daydream, heralding the new direction of the cultural revolution.

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