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    John Sinclair's Phrase Theory and Study of Meaning
    PU Jianzhong
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2021, 21 (6): 60-76.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2021.06.007
    Abstract901)   HTML9)    PDF(pc) (1892KB)(1121)       Save

    This paper aims to discuss John Sinclair's phrase theory and its key concepts, his major contributions to the study of meaning, and the inadequacies as well. It is argued that Sinclair's major achievements in the study of meaning can be attributed to his phrase theory, that its core components are phraseological items and lexical items, that his model of extended unit of meaning, consisting of core, collocation, colligation, semantic preference and semantic prosody, can be applied to the description of both lexical items and phraseological items. Sinclair's major contributions to the study of meaning include that to a great extent he turned the linguists' attention from context to cotext, that he developed and improved the KWIC analysis, upon which the model of extended unit of meaning was formulated, that he put forward the theoretical framework of his phrase theory, getting theoretically ready for the study of meaning. The inadequacies are that the notion of semantic prosody is still vague, preventing the model of extended unit of meaning from being fully exploited, and that paraphrase has not been theoretically evaluated, resulting in language users' meaning not being reflected in his study of meaning.

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    Linguistic Features and Normalization of Europeanized Chinese
    FU Jingmin, RUAN Yujun
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2020, 20 (6): 121-128.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2020.06.013
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    The Overall Approach to Studying Translator Groups:A Review of A Study on English Translators of Jiangsu Classic Literature
    FENG Quangong
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2022, 22 (1): 153-160.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.01.013
    Abstract313)   HTML24)    PDF(pc) (1396KB)(680)       Save

    Nowadays translator studies are greatly emphasized and a large number of relevant research achievements are produced. However, studies on translator groups are relatively few, which should be strengthened in the future. Xu Duo’s monograph A Study on English Translators of Jiangsu Classic Literature, as a typical achievement of studies on translator groups, investigates the translation views, cultural position, translation motives, translation selection and translation features of five translators of Jiangsu classic literature like David Hawkes, John Minford, Moss Roberts, Sidney Shapiro and Yang Xianyi. This paper discusses the overall approach on the study of translator groups mainly by analyzing and commenting on Xu Duo’s monograph, such as the selection of research object and methods, the progression of research blueprint, the realization of research conclusion and so on. It is suggested that emphasis be placed on the investigation of shared features of translator groups and the light shed by translator group studies on current translation practice.

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    Can Research with Chinese Characteristics be Universally Accessible?
    QU Weiguo
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2020, 20 (4): 13-26.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2020.04.002
    Abstract254)   HTML1)    PDF(pc) (2000KB)(613)       Save
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    The Core Function and Application Prospects of the New Generation of Visualization Corpus Software #LancsBox
    WANG Liangjing, PAN Fan
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2020, 20 (5): 77-90.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2020.05.009
    Abstract2290)   HTML63)    PDF(pc) (9232KB)(557)       Save

    With the development of corpus linguistics, researchers have more diversified needs for the functions of corpus software, which have not been fully supported by mainstream corpus softwares. The new generation visualization corpus software #LancsBox supports a wide range of languages and multiple forms of texts, possesses powerful retrieval and statistical functions, and allows smart searches and advanced filter based on word class. By expanding multi layered collocation network, its core module “GraphColl” breaks the limit of extracting collocation between word pairs and reveals complex collocation relationships between multiple words, which cannot be accessed by the traditional collocation approach. Given very limited existing studies using #LancsBox at home and abroad, this paper demonstrates its unique advantages and core functions with case studies. By reviewing relevant studies, this paper analyzes its application prospects in the fields of discourse analysis, lexical grammar research, and language acquisition

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    Transknowletology: Its Naming and Concept Construction,
    MENG Xiangchun
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2022, 22 (3): 55-64.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.03.007
    Abstract2699)   HTML71)    PDF(pc) (1268KB)(532)       Save

    With cross-cultural interaction between local knowledge and global knowledge as its fundamental rationale, and with knowledge and culture synthesized in this conception, Transknowletology, proposed by Yang Feng, integrates “knowledge” in the ontological sense into Translatology, thereby constructing a fundamentally and ultimately knowledge-centered translation theory whose major inquiry focuses on “knowledge translation” and “translated knowledge” essentially in the framework of translation studies. If it should develop following the path of “studies of knowledge translation”, the term “knowledge translation studies”, therefore, may serve as its proper name. If it develops as knowledge-rooted-and-centered translation studies, as it is intended, Transknowletology may be its possible, if not the best, name. By virtue of the naming of “Transknowletology” per se, a series of new concepts or discourses can be reversely constructed, such as “knowledge glocalization”, the “scissors differential of knowledge”, “knowledge impact”, “knowledge-culture entanglement”, the “ripple effect of knowledge”, and the “knowledge translation paradox”, thus enriching and empowering the theory in question. A complete, mature Transknowletology necessitates a proper definition of “knowledge”, the establishment of translation criteria, the organic synthesis of newly constructed concepts and discourses, self-introspection with “others” as frames of reference, and engagement in global scholarship through discourse featuring “comparative glocalism”. These endeavors may enrich and even reshape global translation studies.

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    Transknowletology: A Declaration
    YANG Feng
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2021, 21 (5): 2-4.  
    Abstract534)   HTML39)    PDF(pc) (248KB)(514)       Save
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    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2021, 21 (2): 19-31.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2021.02.002
    Abstract543)   HTML8)    PDF(pc) (2211KB)(470)       Save
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    The Parafoveal-fovel Effects of Word Frequency and Complexity during Chinese Silent and Oral Reading
    ZHANG Manman, ZHANG Xinru, FU Ying, DU Hong, ZANG Chuanli
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2017, 17 (01): 5-11.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2017.01.002
    Abstract375)      PDF(pc) (1091KB)(466)       Save
    Previous studies showed that eye movements characteristics during Chinese silent reading was different from that in Chinese oral reading. Chinese readers tended to placing more reliance on parafoveal previews in silent reading than in oral reading; however, whether it is the same or not about how parafoveal previews affecting foveal processing during the two reading modes is unclear. Thus, the present experiment compared the difference of foveal processing between silent and oral reading by recording eye movements of 40 undergraduates while reading normal sentence of which the parafoveal words varied from frequency (high, low) and stroke (less, more). The results showed that on single fixation duration, frequency and strokes of parafoveal words had different effects on foveal word processing in silent reading from that in oral reading, showing an interacted and positive parafoveal-foveal effect of word frequency and word strokes in silent reading rather than oral reading. That is, single fixation duration on foveal words was shorter when parafoveal words were high frequency and had less strokes than words of high frequency and more strokes. Meanwhile, on gaze duration, there was word frequency parafoveal-fovel effect both in silent and oral reading, with shorter gaze duration on foveal words when parafoveal words were high frequency than when those were low frequency. The results were in consistent with the issues of the parallel graded attention models of reading.
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    A Review on Corpus-based Critical Discourse Analysis in China
    ZHANG Ruihua, LI Shunran
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2020, 20 (6): 101-110.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2020.06.011
    Abstract1182)   HTML38)    PDF(pc) (2624KB)(448)       Save

    There has been growing attention to corpus-based discourse analysis. Relevant articles published in CSSCI and core foreign language journals were retrieved, classified, summarized, and reviewed to present the research findings and development trend of corpus-based critical discourse analysis in China. This study finds that there are few theoretical and much more empirical studies.For empirical studies, news/media discourses and political discourses have received more attention, but recently other discourses, such as web discourses, fashion discourses, speech discourses, and general discourses, have started to attract attention.The research focus is mainly on image construction, especially on national image construction, but there are also studies on the discourse construction of city image, enterprise image, the elderly's image, gender identity, specific group identity, individual identity etc.

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    Defining and Classifying Translation in Transknowletology
    YANG Feng
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2022, 22 (1): 1-4.  
    Abstract484)      PDF(pc) (376KB)(439)       Save
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    An Epistemological Interpretation of Translation
    LI Ruilin
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2022, 22 (1): 47-59.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.01.003
    Abstract966)   HTML41)    PDF(pc) (1911KB)(420)       Save

    Knowledge structuring is of prime importance to the internal building of any discipline in its own right and has a close bearing on its scholarly status of legitimacy and autonomy. Following this line of thought, the present article briefly re-examines the major problems with the conventional reductionist approaches to translation, including the marginalization of the central object, a lack of consilience in TS knowledge and the desirability of overall explanatory power, and for that matter, it attempts to identify a highly competitive bridge concept that is most likely to link together the linguistic, socio-cultural, cognitive, communicative and technological views of translation. To that end, it first incorporates TS into the interpretive space of epistemological analysis, then explores the potential relationship between the binary features of human cognition and translation per se, and consequently comes up with the ensuing set of claims: cognitive asymmetry serves as a necessary condition for the extensive engagement of translation in the ever-evolving world of humanity, knowledge (experiential and rational) as an end result of cognition plays a central role in any sphere of translational activity, and translation, in the ultimate analysis, is sustained by the notion of cross-linguistic knowledge transfer. The key notion taken into full account, a knowledge-centered ontological structure is mapped out to highlight translation as a core mechanism for the cross-linguistic reproduction and circulation of all forms of knowledge, which is assumed to make recourse to both re-conceptualization and re-contextualization processes in real-world scenarios of intercultural communication. The newly proposed minimalist framework of translation is expected to provide a viable point of access for generating a theoretically unified and practically relevant paradigm of Translation Studies.

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    Epistemological Aspect of Translation Studies and Modes of Knowledge Transfer
    ZHANG Shengxiang
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2022, 22 (2): 58-68.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.02.006
    Abstract443)   HTML14)    PDF(pc) (1508KB)(402)       Save

    Knowledge, as the embodied existence of culture, acts as a mediator and the substance of thought lying between culture and language. Essentially, translation is the process of managing, transferring and transforming knowledge among languages and cultures. Scholars in translation studies have devoted themselves to exploring multiple paths, starting from ontological, axiological and methodological perspectives, trying to reveal the origin of translation and to provide a multi-dimensional and multi-directional representation of translation phenomena and issues, but seemingly failing to clarify and explain its essence in terms of epistemology. Starting from the epistemological or cognitive standpoint, clarifying the concept of translation and approaching the essence of translation activities is a feasible path to construct knowledge translation studies or transknowletology. Based on the three key phases, respectively information, knowledge and wisdom in the knowledge hierarchy, we can simplify the knowledge transfer in the field of translation into three modes of reproducing, modifying and creating, and improve and refine the strategies of translation proposed by Lawrence Venuti in 1998, which can not only converge translation researches, but also provide a reliable guidance for specific translation practices.

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    Analyzing Doctor of Translation and Interpreting in the Context of Transformation of Knowledge Production Mode
    MU Lei, LIU Xinyuan
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2022, 22 (6): 22-29.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.06.004
    Abstract367)   HTML4)    PDF(pc) (1227KB)(395)       Save

    The establishment of Doctor of Translation and Interpreting (DTI) from conception to reality requires scholars of Translation Studies (TS) to seriously consider fundamental questions. The ten-year argumentation and survey on the professional degree of DTI have reflected the needs of the transformation of the knowledge production model for TS as a discipline. It is necessary to compare the educational philosophy between DTI and PhD of TS in terms of student selection, curriculum, education quality assessment system, and talent management and employment, with a closing discussion on the faculty development for different degrees in TS.

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    A Critical Review of Foreign Language Textbooks Evaluation in China over the past three decades(1990-2020): Research Status and Future Directions
    JIA Fan
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2022, 22 (1): 83-92.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.01.006
    Abstract533)   HTML74)    PDF(pc) (1474KB)(395)       Save

    This paper aims to discuss the development trend and future directions on the evaluation of foreign language textbooks over the recent 30 years from 1990 to 2020. It examined the research from key journal papers, monographs and dissertations by bibliometric method and content analysis. It is found that the evaluation of domestic foreign language textbooks presents three stages: (1) the critical review of foreign textbook evaluation framework; (2) the evaluation of textbooks based on foreign framework; (3) the innovation of local teaching materials. The research trend goes from static evaluation to dynamic evaluation, from theory abroad to localized theory, from subjective review to objective research. This study also puts forward the focus of the evaluation of foreign language textbooks in the new era, including strengthening the ideological and political elements in textbooks evaluation, focusing on the evaluation of the foreign language textbooks in universities, middle schools and primary schools as an integrity, enhancing the evaluation of multilingual teaching materials. This paper has some enlightenment on the evaluation, compilation, use and adaptation of foreign language teaching materials.

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    The Mechanisms of Masked Priming
    QIAO Xiaomei, ZHANG Xinwen
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2017, 17 (01): 1-4.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2017.01.001
    Abstract1272)      PDF(pc) (731KB)(384)       Save
    Masked priming technique has been widely applied for many years. However, research into the mechanisms of masked priming is very limited. This article systematically investigates masked priming from its origin, major types of priming, the working mechanisms, and the interpretations of the effect by the dominant models, so as to reveal the essence and characteristics of masked priming, and advance its applications in research.
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    Political Discourse and Political Metaphors
    WEN Xu
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2014, 14 (09): 11-16.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2014.09.002
    Abstract1619)      PDF(pc) (1163KB)(382)       Save
    Politics is a serious matter of human life, which is closely related to language. There are plenty of political metaphors in political discourse, and in political metaphors there exists plenty of ideology. Studying of political discourse, political metaphors and the hidden ideology, this paper, based on the metapor theory of cognitive linguistics, probes how people think and speak while talking about politics.
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    On Theoretical and Methodological Value of Epistemic Translation Studies
    LAN Hongjun
    Contemporary Foreign Languages Studies    2022, 22 (2): 34-45.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8921.2022.02.004
    Abstract423)   HTML17)    PDF(pc) (1600KB)(381)       Save

    As a theory, Epistemic Translation Studies, by viewing translation as an act of knowledge, forms a revolution of the ontological theories of translation of the past, which are supposed to trigger thoughts about the relationship between translation and the spiritual existence of human beings. The locality, historicity and mobility of knowledge determine that knowledge can not be possible without translation, and knowledge translation and translated knowledge are the two major objects of epistemic translation studies. The diversity of truth value, of knowledge transmission contextuality and of knowledge form and category constitutes the specific problems of epistemic translation studies. As a methodology, Epistemic Translation Studies has its unique value in understanding translation phenomena and solving translation problems. It is the goal and task of Epistemic Translation Studies to study the role of translation in the history of knowledge, and to reveal the obscured value of translation in human knowledge growth.

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